Policy Analysis | September 2014
Feral Hog Containment
In a recent request, SLC was asked to identify some of the innovative tactics our member states are employing to combat the growing population of feral hogs.
In 2014, Louisiana passed legislation to allow for the use of aircraft in hunting feral hogs. Senate Bill 681 allows the Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission to promulgate rules and regulations to allow for the use of aircraft in the taking of outlaw quadruped or outlaw birds that have become so destructive of property as to become a nuisance.
Mississippi State University (MSU) is undertaking an economic impact study of wild hog damage to agriculture in Mississippi. The intent of the study is to provide data that will help researchers and industry representatives lobby state and federal legislators for increased funding and enhanced enforcement of laws.
In addition, the MSU Extension Service and the Alabama Cooperative Extension System published A Landowner’s Guide for Wild Pig Management that offers details on several different methods for controlling wild pigs.
In 2012, Oklahoma passed Senate Bill 1751, which allows for the use of “Judas pig” tracking systems. The general idea of the Judas pig tactic is to catch and release a hog after outfitting it with some sort of tracking device. Hunters will then wait for the released hog to lead them to a larger group of feral hogs.
In early 2014, the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources scheduled three, three-day hunting periods on North Island, during which hunters were allowed to hunt with dogs.
South Carolina also has a Wild Hog Task Force that was established to coordinate resources and efforts at all levels to reduce the problems associated with wild hogs.
As part of a larger initiative to address the problem of feral swine, the USDA has proposed using thermal imaging weapons that will allow for easier identification of hogs in dark areas and at night.
This and other tactics are detailed in a 2013 article that reviews different methods of monitoring wild pig populations.