Research / Fiscal Affairs


SLC Regional Resource | April 2019

Weathering the Storm: Assessing the Agricultural Impact of Hurricane Michael

Anne Roberts Brody, Policy Analyst

Note: Since the release of this report on April 15, 2019, Hurricane Michael was retroactively upgraded to a Category 5 storm.

Hurricane Michael roared onto the Florida Panhandle on October 10, 2018. A Category 4 storm with sustained winds of 155 miles per hour — just shy of the 157 miles per hour necessary to be classified a Category 5 storm — it was the third strongest hurricane to strike the United States mainland. As Michael moved northeast across Alabama and Georgia, the hurricane’s fierce winds, towering storm surge and punishing rain caused billions of dollars in damage to homes, businesses and infrastructure in the Southern region.

For farmers in Florida, Alabama and Georgia, the timing of the storm could not have been worse. Just as harvest season for many vegetable and row crops was beginning, like a plague of locusts, Michael devoured nearly every farm in its path. This SLC Regional Resource, current as of April 15, 2019, reviews the agricultural impact of Hurricane Michael on Florida, Alabama and Georgia. Across the three states, cotton and timber were hardest hit, but damage to other agricultural products and infrastructure was equally devastating.


SLC Regional Resource | March 2019

Sports Betting in the South

Cody Allen, Policy Analyst

On May 14, 2018, the United States Supreme Court — via a 6-3 decision in Murphy, Governor of New Jersey v. National Collegiate Athletic Association (Murphy v. NCAA) — overturned the 1992 Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA), a longstanding federal prohibition on professional and amateur single-game sports wagering. The Murphy v. NCAA case was closely followed by state governments across the country, as ending the prohibition could open up an additional source of revenue. On September 5, 2017, West Virginia — joined by 20 other states — filed an amici curiae brief in support of New Jersey. Several signatories from SLC member states joined the brief, including the attorneys general of Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas, as well as the governor of Kentucky.

This SLC Regional Resource, current as of January 31, 2019, examines the status of active sports gambling laws in Mississippi and West Virginia, the two SLC states that currently authorize it. As additional data is gathered on the revenue gained from taxing sports wagering, it is anticipated many states will act during the 2019 and 2020 legislative sessions to bring this form of gaming to their states — especially those with a lottery or casino gaming infrastructure already in place.


Policy Analysis | September 2018

Poverty Statistics for Southern States

Roger Moore, Policy Analyst

Poverty is a complex and multifaceted issue, the result of socioeconomic factors often connected to history, geography and race. Studies consistently show that poverty limits access to education, nutritious foods, professional opportunities and safe, prosperous neighborhoods, all of which are critical for sustaining long and healthy livelihoods. For state and local governments, poverty can exacerbate crime, necessitate increased spending on healthcare and social safety nets, and adversely affect economic growth for decades.
 
According to statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau in September 2018,* 42.5 million people lived in poverty in 2017, equivalent to 13.4 percent of the entire population that year. Among all groups, those identifying as American Indian and Alaska Native experienced the highest poverty rates at 25.4 percent, followed by individuals who identified as black or African American at 23.0 percent and Hispanic or Latino at 19.4 percent. Meanwhile, individuals who identified as white or Asian had the lowest poverty rates in 2017, both at 11.1 percent.

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2019-2020
Chair

Representative
Penny Houston

Georgia

2019-2020
Vice Chair
Representative John Read, Mississippi

Representative
John Read

Mississippi

Immediate
Past Chair

(former) Representative
Eric Johnson

Texas

Committee
Liaison
Cody Allen

Cody Allen
Policy Analyst


Since its creation, members of the SLC Fiscal Affairs & Government Operations Committee have focused on the myriad fiscal issues impacting state budgets and finances. Committee appointees include many of the finance and appropriations chairs from across the South along with other prominent fiscal players. The committee routinely examines the impact of the federal budget on state finances; state revenues and expenditures; national and regional economic outlooks; historical and developing fiscal trends; performance-based budgeting; e-commerce and taxation; and public pension plans. For more than 40 years, select fiscal research departments in the SLC member state legislatures have continued to provide annual Comparative Data Reports (CDRs), tracking revenue sources, appropriations levels, performance measures, and a multitude of other metrics in Southern states. A useful tool for legislators and legislative staff alike, CDRs are available for adult correctional systems, education, Medicaid and transportation.

More SLC Research into Fiscal Affairs


Comparative Data Report | July 2018

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | July 2018

Education

Comparative Data Report | July 2018

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | July 2018

Transportation

Policy Analysis | September 2017

SLC Member State Revenue Increases

Comparative Data Report | July 2017

Education

Comparative Data Report | July 2017

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | July 2017

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | August 2016

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | July 2016

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | June 2016

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | June 2016

Education

Comparative Data Report | August 2015

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | August 2015

Education

Comparative Data Report | July 2015

Transportation

Policy Analysis | July 2015

Public Pension Trends & Developments

Comparative Data Report | June 2015

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | October 2014

Revenue

Presentation | September 2014

Transportation Funding in the States

Comparative Data Report | August 2014

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | July 2014

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | July 2014

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | July 2014

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2013

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | July 2013

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | July 2013

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | July 2013

Education

Comparative Data Report | July 2013

Transportation

Policy Analysis | January 2013

Fiscal and Economic Trends in the South

Comparative Data Report | October 2012

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | July 2012

Medicaid

Policy Analysis | July 2012

Public Pensions: Emerging Trends

SLC Fiscal Alert | July 2012

Public Pensions: Emerging Trends

Comparative Data Report | July 2012

Transportation

Presentation | January 2012

State Retirement Systems: Recent Trends

SLC Regional Resource | January 2012

Municipal Bonds: Trends in 2011

Presentation | November 2011

State of State Budgets

Policy Analysis | October 2011

State Revenue Trends

Comparative Data Report | October 2011

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | July 2011

Education

Comparative Data Report | July 2011

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | July 2011

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | March 2011

Medicaid

Policy Analysis | October 2010

State Authorized Gaming

Presentation | October 2010

State Fiscal Issues

Presentation | July 2010

State Fiscal and Economic Outlook

Comparative Data Report | July 2010

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | July 2010

Education

Comparative Data Report | July 2010

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | July 2010

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2009

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | November 2009

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2009

Revenue

Presentation | May 2009

State Fiscal and Economic Outlook

Presentation | May 2009

Fiscal Outlook for the States

Presentation | March 2009

State Retirement Systems: Recent Trends

Presentation | March 2009

Fiscal Outlook for the States

Presentation | February 2009

Economic Status of the States

Comparative Data Report | December 2008

Medicaid

SLC Issue Alert | December 2008

Mid-Year Education Budget Reductions

Comparative Data Report | December 2008

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2008

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2008

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | November 2008

Education

SLC Issue Alert | June 2008

Actuarial Estimates in Public Pensions

Comparative Data Report | November 2007

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2007

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2007

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | November 2007

Education

Presentation | November 2006

State Retirement Systems: Recent Trends

Comparative Data Report | November 2006

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2006

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2006

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2006

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | November 2006

Education

SLC Regional Resource | January 2006

State Rural Initiatives: Where the Money Comes From

Comparative Data Report | November 2005

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2005

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2005

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2005

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2005

Adult Correctional Systems

Comparative Data Report | November 2004

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2004

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2004

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2004

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2004

Adult Correctional Systems

SLC Special Series Report | October 2004

America's Public Retirement Systems: Stresses in the System

SLC Special Series Report | October 2004

Doing the Math: Southern State School Finance Systems

Comparative Data Report | November 2003

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2003

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2003

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2003

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2003

Corrections

Presentation | December 2002

The Fiscal Crunch Confronting the South

Comparative Data Report | November 2002

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2002

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | November 2002

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2002

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2002

Gaming

Comparative Data Report | November 2002

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2001

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2001

Corrections

Comparative Data Report | November 2001

Education

Comparative Data Report | November 2001

Gaming

Comparative Data Report | November 2001

Transportation

Comparative Data Report | November 2001

Revenue

Comparative Data Report | November 2000

Medicaid

Comparative Data Report | November 2000

Corrections